10 Common Diseases and Their Treatment Explained

India is categorized by a growing number of critical illnesses as well as various infectious diseases that have become commonplace. Hospitalization expenses have also increased along with treatment costs. Some of the most common diseases affecting the Indian population are –

  • Coronary Artery Disease 

India is often known as the capital of cardiovascular diseases. Out of them, the coronary artery disease is amongst the most common among the urban population in India. Treatments involve self care which includes quitting smoking weight loss and low fat diet among other things. A coronary stent and Angioplasty might be recommended in severe cases. Medications involve taking blood thinners on a regular basis.

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 

The COPD crisis is extremely widespread and is the second largest cause of deaths in India. Due to frequent hospitalizations, the financial burden is heavy on such patients. Rise of smoking and air pollution levels has made the disease worse in the last few years. Treatment involves oxygen therapy under severe cases. Rescue inhalers and oral steroids can minimize further damage.

  • Tuberculosis 

The latest World Health Organization report states that India accounts for 27% of the total Tuberculosis (TB) cases globally. The treatments usually last at least 6 months during which several medications are administered.

10 Common Diseases and Their Treatment Explained

  • Cancer 

Cancer rates have been doubling in India with almost 14 lakh cancer patients in 2014. Treatments may include radiation therapy, chemotherapy or surgery to remove the non malignant tumor. Some common cancers in India are breast cancer, colorectal cancer and oral cancer. Routine check ups and lifestyle changes like regular exercise and quitting smoking can help prevent its onset.

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease 

With bad lifestyle habits, unclean water and sanitation and less physical exercise incidences of gastrointestinal diseases. Treatments include administration of immunosuppressants. In case this isn’t effective, surgery might be necessary.

  • Diarrhea 

It is one of the leading causes of deaths in India. Most people do not consume healthy food and thus it has risen in the past few years. Treatments for severe cases include intravenous transfer of fluids for rehydration.

  • Malaria 

Most of the country lives in Malaria endemic areas. Prescription drugs involve antiparasitics or antibiotics with a hospitalization of up to 2 weeks in severe cases.

  • Common Cold 

The Indian Flu season affects everyone, some more than others. In major cases this can even lead to hospitalization. Treatments usually involve medications and self care in most cases.

  • Stroke 

Stroke is a major cause of fatality rates in India. Early treatment like clot buster can minimize brain damage. It is important to help limit further complications and prevent additional strokes. Cardiac monitoring is required for a long period of time and in some cases even surgery is necessary. Post hospitalization care involves speech therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy and stroke rehabilitation.

  • Asthma 

It affects up to 23% of the population and is a major health problem in India. People may require oxygen therapy, in some cases, it can also be managed with rescue inhalers or controller inhalers.

If you are at a risk of any of the above, the financial burden might be overwhelming. But with Bajaj Finserv Health EMI Network Card you can convert your medical payments into easy EMIs. The card comes with a pre-approved limit of up to Rs. 4 Lakh with a flexible tenor of between 3 to 18 months. You can also download the Bajaj Health card online. If you have any further queries you can reach out to the  Bajaj healthcare customer contact number on 1800-103-3535 where you will immediately get a call back after filling in the requisite details.

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