Stem cells are a group of wonder cells, which can metamorphose into any kind of tissue or organ with a healthy amount of division and growth. Stem cells can treat more than eighty discovered life threatening illnesses and disorders. Stem cells can be obtained from the umbilical cord during birth, which is why there is an increased awareness of preserving the umbilical cord after child birth. The placenta, embryo, teeth, bone marrow, cord blood etc. are some of the sources from which stem cells can be extracted.
Stem cells are mostly favorable for treatment of stroke, diabetes, heart diseases and others. Osteoarthritis stem cell therapy India is available in the country’s top hospitals. Although, the amniotic sac, amniotic fluid, decidua and chorion of the placenta acts as the most exuberant source of stem cells. Stem cells from this region have the maximum potential to give rise to any type of cell. They are pluripotent cells which means they have the capacity to differentiate into endoderm, ectoderm and mesodermal cells. They multiply almost 10 times swifter and have the highest count when compared to other sources of stem cells.
These cells are completely free from side effects and are completely non-toxic in comparison to any medicine or drugs introduced for the treatment of any disease. They reduce treatment costs and successfully promote longer lives when utilized in therapeutic purposes. Stem cells are extremely flexible, which is evident by their effortlessly easier way of division and self regeneration, and have three unique properties.
Stem cells have the special property of getting attracted to the region of injury.
Stem stills have the characteristic feature of plasticity which means that it can take the example of one kind of tissue while creating an altogether different type of tissue.
Stem cells by means of the property of engraftment aids in the unison of new tissues. Needless to say it helps in the regeneration of tissues, and eventually integrates them smoothly with the parental counterparts.
There are mainly three different kinds of stem cells. Depending on the illness that needs to be treated, they are as follows.
The hematopoietic stem cells abbreviated as HSC, are mostly extracted from the bone marrow, although they can also be found in the cord blood, peripheral blood etc. As the name hematopoietic suggests, these cells can help in the formation of blood. That is they cam give rise to red blood corpuscles, white blood corpuscles etc.
In case of pluripotent stem cells (PSC), which bear the characteristics of both hematopoietic and mesenchymal stem cells, have the capacity to differentiate into every kind of tissue in the body.
The mesenchymal stem cells abbreviated as (MSC), are basically derived from the hematopoietic stem cells and help in the formation of bone marrow. They have the capacity to demarcate into different kinds of cells, including fat or adipocyte cells, cartilage or chondrocyte cells, bone or osteocyte cells, neuronal or nerve cells, cardiac muscle cells or cardio myocytes and even blood vessels. Hence they play an essential function in the regeneration of the cells of the body whenever required.